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Ranthambhore National Park

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About Park

The Ranthambhore National Park, which is a part of the much larger Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve, lies in the Sawai Madhopur district of eastern Rajasthan.

The Chambal River forms a natural boundary of the Park towards the east, and on the eastern shore of Chambal lies the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. To the northeast of the Park, flows the river – Banas, a tributary of Chambal. Across the river Banas, lies the Keladevi sanctuary, while the Sawai Man Singh sanctuary lies to the south of the Park. Both these sanctuaries, like the National Park, are part of the Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve.

Today, the reserve spans over 1334 sq. km of area, of which only 392 sq. km is the Ranthambhore National Park. All the safaris in the Reserve are conducted inside the National Park. Few tourists, if any at all, go to the Man Singh or Keladevi sanctuary.

Till the mid 20th century, the National park was a private hunting ground for the Maharaja of Jaipur, but was nationalized soon after India gained independence. In 1972, when the Project Tiger was launched, Ranthambhore was one of the “original 9” parks to be earmarked for tiger conservation, under the Project Tiger.

Geography

Ranthambhor National Park is situated 14 kms. from Sawai Madhopur. The park derives its name from the Ranth-ambhor Fort situated within its precincts. 

The Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve is a “secluded” ecological island, surrounded by fields and over grazed plains. The Northern tropical dry deciduous forests that are found here lie on the conjunction of two hill systems – the Aravalis and the Vindhyas. The Reserve is located in the eastern part of the north western state of Rajasthan, between the latitudes 25041' N to 26022' N and longitudes 76016' E to 77014' E, with an average elevation of 350 meters above m.s.l.

The total area of Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve is 1394 square k.m. out of which 773 square k.m. lies in the Sawai Madhopur district and the rest, 621 square k.m. in the Karauli district. This area is divided into different sanctuaries / park as follows:

Ranthambhore National Park         392 square k.m. approximately.

Kela Devi sanctuary                       674 square k.m. approximately.

Sawai Man Singh sanctuary           127 square k.m. approximately.

Other Reserve forests                     40 square k.m. approximately.  

Climate

General :- The area is characterized by Sub-tropical dry climate with distinct cold (November-February), hot (March-June) and rainy (July-September) seasons. October is a transition period. The highest temperature (above 470C) is recorded in May-June and the lowest (up to 2oC) in December-January.

Rainfall :- The bulk of the precipitation is from SW monsoon and occurs during the months of July to September. The winter rains from NE monsoon are quite common, particularly during December - January. The average rainfall is 800 mm. The rainfall during the period from June-September constitutes about 92% of the annual rainfall.

Temperature :- During the summer months of March to June the temperature is on a continuous rise, with end May and first half of June being the hottest parts of the year. The maximum temperature in May & June rises up to 47oC. In the second half of June, normally pre-monsoon showers start which brings down the temperature by 3 to 5oC. After withdrawal of monsoon by the end of second week of September, days become hot. The nights become progressively cooler. After mid-November both day and night temperatures drop. During the winters January is the coldest month. The daily maximum temperature may be as high as  20oC and the minimum temperature may drop down to 4oC.

Humidity :-  The relative humidity is generally low in most part of the year; it becomes as low as 10 to 15 percent during summer months. However during the rainy days the relative humidity goes over 60%.

Important water holes

LAKE Water Ponds ANICUT Streams
Padam talao Halonda Kachida

Bakola

Rajbagh Hindwad Chindali Kushalipura
Malik Talab Rondhai Ramtalai Jharokha  
Gilai Sagar Guda Sakari  
Mansarovar Indala Bandarwal Baghdah Pipli  
Lahpur Semli Chiroli  
  Berda Chindali  
  Mandook Dhundar-mal ka- Darrah  
  Pilapani    
 

Patua- Baori

   
  Kalibhat    
  Mahakoh    

Wild Life In the Park

The ecosystem at Ranthambhor has evolved into a self-sustaining one, with a range of predators and their prey. This makes visits to the park worthwhile for most visitors with an even-handed chance of spotting big game as well as several herbivorous species.

Tiger :- Though tiger are usually nocturnal, in Ranthambhor their preservation has led to a change in their habits and they are fairly easily sighted during the day. Another change has been in their living habits - as family units rather then just solitary hunters. The density, at one tiger for every 10 sq. kms. is fairly high. Though there were attempts at poaching a few years ago that called for strict vigil from the forest guards, in principle, the population of tigers has increased since it became a Project Tiger reserve.

Other Predators :- A hunter, at per with the tiger, is the marsh Crocodile, seen most often basking on the shores of the park's lakes. Almost three meters in the length, they catch fish, turtle and even deer along the banks. At times, they have even got into conflicts over tigers for a favorite prey-sambhar. Their number has increased over the years.

The park has a large number of leopards too. These have a significantly high population, but because the tigers remain in the central areas, the leopards, witch overlap in their requirement of the prey species, largely confine their activities to the periphery of the park.

Other then these, the park is home to jungle cats and caracals. In the night, hyenas and jackals stalk the undergrowth.

Prey Species :- The large variety of deer, seen standing in the shallow waters of the lake's banks or foraging in the undergrowth, from the dominant prey species in Ranthambhor. These include sambhar, seen everywhere in herds, as are cheetal and neelgai. Chinkaras are more solitary in appearance. It is not uncommon to find that sambhar spend a considerable part of the day swimming and eating in the lakes. The park also has here, mongoose and monitor lizards. Langoors chatter incessantly through the rich canopy of tree cover.

Other Wildlife Species :- When driving through the jungle trails, it is possible to spot the occasional sloth beer in the park. Groups of wild boar, on the other hand, are more likely to be encountered around the lakes.

Avifauna :- The lakes and forests combine to create a habitat that has become home to a large species of birdlife. The park has more than 300 varieties of birds.These include eagles, owls, storks, spoonbills, jacanas, several varieties of ducks, partridges, quails, sandgrouse, peafowl and spurfowl, and the distinctive paradise flycatcher. During the winter months, migratory birds such as graylag goose, ruddy shelduck and pintails are also seen.        Some rare birds like the black eagle and the creasted hawk eagle have also been sighted in the park recently.

 

Best Season

The best time for visiting Ranthambhor depends on the special interest of the visitor. The park opens from October to June. November to March are the best months.

 

Local Transport

Entry to the park is only in Gypsy and Canter vehicles that can be hired locally from the office of the Forest Department.

Visiting hours to the Park

6:30 to 9:30 AM

3:00 to 6:00 PM

(Timings vary with season.)

 

Entry Fee Structure and Online Seat Booking

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Camera Fee

Still Camera Free.

Movie 8 mm, 16 mm and video camera used by armature photographer 200/- by professionals (Indian) 3000/- foreign company/agency 5000/- Movie and video camera used for feature film 20,000/- per day.

DOS & DONT's

            As per the instructions from the Department while visiting the park :-

Please DO NOT -   
  • Smoke
  • Walk
  • Picnic
  • Litter
  • Blow Horn
  • Make Noise
  • Tease Wild Animals
  • Use camera Flash of spot-light
  • Deviate from the allotted route
  • Leave the roads and drive cross-country
  • Enter without proper tickets
  • Enter before sun rise or after sun set

Please DO

  • Wear sober clothes
  • Go around the Reserve slowly & Cautiously
  • Enjoy nature in totality and keep patience for tiger sighting
  • Respect nature

   

 

How to Travel

Air      

           The nearest airport is Jaipur (132 Kms.) by train.

Rail

            Sawai Madhopur is on the main Western Railway route between Delhi and Bombay. There is a direct rail connection between Sawai Madhopur and Jaipur (132 kms.), Agra, Bharatpur, Chennai and Howra, Amritsar, Gorakhpur, Delhi, Mumbai, Earnakulam, Indore, Banglore, Syaldha etc.

Road

            Sawai Madhopur is well connected by road to major cities of Rajasthan. There is a direct link between Jaipur and Sawai Madhopur via Tonk & via Dausa. Bharatpur via Dausa, Bundi via Indragarh.

Where to Stay

STD Code - 07462

Luxury Hotels

   Hotel Vanya Vilas (Oberoi Group)       

223999, 223537

    Hotel Sawai Madhopur Lodge (Taj Group) 

220718, 221719, 220541

RTDC Hotels

   Hotel Jhoomar Baori                                      

220495

    Tourist Complex Vinayak                              

221333, 21169

Govt Accommodation,

  Circuit House, near Alanpur                          

234151

    Dak Bungalow,

    Railway Retairing Room (Mini Pink Palace) 

131

 Others

    Hotel Ankur                                                    

220792

    Hotel Anurag                                      

220451

    Hotel Chinkara                                               

220340

    Hotel City Hearts                                

223402

    Hotel Ganesh Ranth                             

224124

    Hotel Hamir                                                    

221842, 220562

    Hotel Hill view Holiday Resort                

222173

    Hotel Mansarover                                          

220370

    Hotel on the Rock (Snooker Point)               

224720

    Hotel Pareek                                                  

220619

    Hotel Pink Palace                                

220722

    Hotel Rajeev Resort                             

221413

    Hotel Ranthambhore Regency                      

223456, 221176

    Hotel Ranthambhore Bag                       

221728, 222879

    Sawagat                                                           

220601

    Sher Camp                                                      

252081

    Hotel Sunrise                                                  

221789

    Hotel Sher Bagh (Tented Camp)                   

252043, 252099

    Hotel Tiger Safari Resort                       

221137

    Hotel Tiger Moon                                          

252042 (Via Sherpur)

    Hotel Tiger Den                                  

252070, 252085

    Hotel Vishal                                      

220695

    Hotel Ranthambhore Resort                         

221645